A Garden Calendar for Southern California & Similar Climates

Over the past several months, we’ve given you a lot of information based on what to do in your garden during each month of the year. It would make for a very large and cumbersome guide to put it all in one place. However, we thought it might be helpful to have a month-by-month quick calendar reference to guide you through the gardening year.

Read on to find out when you should plant certain fruits and vegetables as well as the right time to harvest them. Each month has information by climate zones. If you’re unsure of your zone, you can ask your county agricultural extension office or local nursery to help you. CLIMATE ZONE MAP

September

Get that herb garden planted! This is the perfect “thyme” to plant oregano, peppermint, marjoram, rosemary and, of course, thyme!

October

This is a good month to plant traditional fall crops.

Plant:

  • Barley
  • Garlic (late October through November)
  • Onions (as seeds or seedlings, now through November for zones 22 and 24)
  • Cover crops (through November)
  • Artichoke, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprout, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, chives, collards, leafy greens

It’s also time to harvest and press wine grapes!

November

It’s still time to plant some traditional fall crops with a twist.

Plant:

  • Onions (as seeds or seedlings, through March in climate zones 18 through 21)
  • Wheat
  • Hops (good for home brewers!)

Now is the time to harvest and press olives for oil.

February

This is the month for more underground work.

Plant:

  • Potatoes (through May in climate zones 20 through 24)
  • Onions (in sets)

Start warm season veggies from seed mid to late month. Chives, corn, beets, cabbage, cilantro, lettuce, onions, radish, tomatoes, cucumbers, squash

March

This early spring month is a time for prep and planting.

Soil enrichment:

  • Till your cover crops into the soil
  • Add compost and light fertilizer

Plant:

  • Lemon trees (in climate zones 18-24)
  • Corn (through July in climate zones 18-21)
  • Edamame (seeds only; through May in climate zone 19 and through July in climate zones 18-24)
  • Chives can be planted any time of the year.
  • Plant transplant directly into the ground from seeds your started in February or later

April

Spring is ramping up big-time and there’s a lot to do. Just keep planting or start your gardens!

Plant:

  • Corn (through July in climate zones 22-24)
  • Basil (seedlings may be planted any time during the year)
  • Edamame (seedlings through August in climate zones 22-24)
  • Lemongrass (seeds only)
  • Melons (seeds or seedlings through June in climate zones 18-21)
  • Chiles (seeds or seedlings through May in climate zones 18-21)
  • Zucchini (seeds or seedlings through July in climate zones 18-21)
  • Tomatoes (seedlings only through May in climate zones 18, 19, 21-24)
  • Cucumbers (seedlings only through May in climate zones 18-21 and April through June in climate zones 22-24)
  • Squash (seeds or seedlings through July in climate zones 18-21)

May

A little slower paced than April, you still have some work to do.

Plant:

  • Melons (seedlings only through June in climate zones 22-24)
  • Chiles (seeds or seedlings through June in climate zones 22-24)
  • Squashes (seedlings only)
  • Continue to plant all other warm season veggies such as tomotes, peppers, cilantro, cucumbers and others.

Harvest barley this month.

June

The first month of summer is a harvest month for all the cool weather planting you did.

Harvest:

  • Potatoes
  • Wheat
  • Hop flowers
  • Onions (let cure after harvest)
  • And all other warm season veggies as they ripen.

July

Now that we’re gearing up for the summer heat, we give you a light month! All you need to do is:

Harvest garlic (let cure after) & others that you planted early

August

Summer is in full swing now. The “dog days” are here. Other than watering (which is a year-round task), this is a harvest month. It’s an easy one, too:

Harvest all other crops.

About mid-August start cool season veggies from seed to transplant in fall. Artichoke, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprout, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, chives, collards, leafy greens